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Advancing rights and enhancing lives of people with disabilities







The Americans with Disabilities Act:
Civil Rights for People with Disabilities

General Questions

  • What is the ADA?
  • Why do we need it?
  • Who does the ADA cover?
  • What does the ADA not cover?
  • What about state and local laws providing rights to people with disabilities?
  • If you have a family member or friend with a disability, are you covered?
Title I : Employment
  • What employers are covered by the ADA?
  • What employees are covered by the ADA?
  • How does an employer know if an accommodation is needed and which accommodation to offer?
  • Are there any limits on the amount of money an employer is required to spend on "reasonable accommodations"?
  • Can an employer have job standards without discriminating against people with disabilities?
  • Can an employer ask about the disability or require an applicant to take a medical examination?
  • Can an employer refuse to give an employee medical or other insurance coverage because it will raise the cost?
  • What if the cost of insurance will increase not because of the employee, but his/her spouse or child?
  • What if an employer’s customers or other employees feel uncomfortable around the employee with a disability? Can the employer ask that employee to work at home, for example?
  • What if an employer believes that the employee cannot perform the job safely, and he/she feels that the employee threatens the safety of employees and others?
Title II: State and Local Government
  • What are the requirements for state and local governments? Are they different from privately owned public accommodations?
  • What constitutes discrimination by state and local governments?
  • If a government contracts with a private entity, are they subject to Title II?
  • Are there specific requirements for transportation?
  • Are air carriers and airlines covered by the ADA?
Title III: Public Accommodations
  • What is a public accommodation?
  • What in general must a public accommodation do or not do?
  • May a public accommodation require people with disabilities to meet certain standards of policies, especially safety standards?
  • What special accommodations must public accommodations provide?
  • What are the requirements for physical access for public accommodations?
  • Are there special criteria for professional examinations and courses?
Title IV: Telecommunications for the Deaf
  • What must be provided under this Title?
  • What other requirements does Title IV have?
Title V: Miscellaneous Provisions
  • What provisions are in this Title?

Council for Disability Rights

Knowing your rights is the easy part. Exercising them can be a bit trickier.

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